Hiring Process


The federal hiring process can be confusing and overwhelming. The information below is intended to provide an overiview of the process and help with understanding how to apply to an opportunity within TTS.

Process Timeline

Hiring within the federal government takes more time than the typical private sector hiring process. Below is an example timeline based on our historic performance that should help you understand what to expect.

Process Stage Avg Duration (Days)
Application collection 5
TTS application review 5
GSA HR application review 10
Interviews 30
Offer & security 30 to 60
Total from Application to Start 80 to 110

TTS is an equal opportunity employer

We’re building a team that reflects the United States. We don’t discriminate based on race, color, religion, sex, gender identity or expression, national origin, political affiliation, sexual orientation, marital status, disability, genetic information, age, membership in an employee organization, retaliation, parental status, military service, or other non-merit factors.

How we hire

There are three types of hiring authorities used by TTS: Competitive Service, Excepted Service, and Senior Executive Service. The application and hiring process will vary slightly based on the type of role you apply for.

Competitive Service: All competitive service roles must be applied to by completing the application process at usajobs.gov. Individuals go through a competitive hiring process before being selected and appointed. This process is open to all applicants. Competitive service roles are considered “career roles,” which means they are not limited to a specific period of time or term. This hiring process may consist of a written test, an evaluation of the individual’s education and experience, or an evaluation of other attributes necessary for successful performance in the position to be filled.

Excepted Service: These roles are “not to exceed” (NTE) positions, which means they are two-year terms and can be extended once, for a total of four years of service. These roles are not required to be posted on usajobs.gov. Instead, candidates can apply via our online application.

Senior Executive Service (SES): Very few of our positions are considered to be Senior Executive Service (SES) positions. These are Executive Director type roles classified above the general schedule (GS) grade 15 and can be excepted service or competitive service (see definitions above).


For Competitive Service roles: All United States citizens and nationals (residents of American Samoa and Swains Islands) are eligible to apply.

For Excepted Service roles: All United States citizens and nationals (residents of American Samoa and Swains Islands) and applicants must not be current GSA employees or contractors.

Compensation and benefits

Government pay grades

TTS team members are hired for specific position descriptions at a specific grade level from the federal general schedule (GS) (excluding SES positions). The GS system is a pay system for civilian employees in the federal government; evaluation and compensation varies by grade level. The qualification requirements for each position at a specific GS level are based on education, background, accomplishments, and experience. The specific requirements will always be listed in the job posting. Salaries of federal employees are public information, and your salary may become publicly available on sites like FederalPay.org.

Understanding grade levels

Federal employees on the general schedule range from GS-1 to GS-15. Find out more about the GS system from the Office of Personnel Management.

GS grade levels specify a fixed compensation range for a particular position, in particular geographic localities, within the federal government. Understanding the relationship between GS grade level, location, and compensation is important to understanding how salaries work at TTS.

Each GS grade level contains a series of 10 steps. New employees are usually hired at Step 1 of a GS grade. However, in special circumstances, agencies may authorize a higher step rate for a newly-appointed federal employee based on a special need of the agency or superior qualifications of the prospective employee.

The annual salary cap for all GS employees is $164,200 per year. You cannot be offered more than this under any circumstance.

General Schedule (GS) Salary Calculator

Use this OPM General Schedule (GS) Salary Calculator to help you understand how GS level, step, and locality affect compensation.

Raises and bonuses

A step increase is the most common kind of raise for GS employees, and the amount of time between step increases is dependent on the step. As a GS employee, you have to wait one year to increase to a step 2, 3, or 4. Similarly, you must wait two years before increasing to step 5, 6, or 7. Lastly, you must wait three years before increasing to step 8, 9, or 10. This means that if you join TTS at step 1, you’ll proceed to step 2 the following year. If you join TTS at step 6, it will take two years to progress to step 7.

Bonuses generally come after the year-end review process in late September and are awarded based on your performance review results. You must be a TTS employee for at least three months to get a performance review. Bonuses are either a small percentage of your annual salary or additional paid time off.

Benefits and leave

The benefits package for federal employees includes medical, vision, and dental insurance, FSA accounts, life insurance, paid leave, and the Thrift Savings Plan (the government version of a 401K) with up to five percent matching. Our telework policy affords increased flexibility, and employees who use public transit to commute may claim commuter benefits.

TTS also supports employees’ ongoing professional development by providing training opportunities and encouraging employees to participate in conferences, consortia, and other industry events.

The TTS Handbook has more information about working at TTS, including:


When you apply for a role at TTS, you’ll need to submit a government-style resume, which includes much more detail than a private-sector resume.

Veterans’ Preference is applied for candidates who are veterans and have claimed their veteran status.

How we collect and review applications

We collect applications during the period specified in the job posting. After the application window has closed (generally within 7-14 days), we review and evaluate all applications at the same time. The way we collect and review applications depends on the role and the type of hiring authority being used.

Competitive Service: Applications are collected via usajobs.gov and reviewed by the General Services Administration (GSA) Human Resources team, our parent federal agency’s human resources office.

Excepted Service: Applications are collected via the postings within the TTS Join Page. All applications are reviewed by a panel of subject matter experts using a qualification process called Category Rating. Once we’ve evaluated all applications for a particular job posting, we send all of the applications and evaluation scores to GSA Human Resources for review.

Government-style resumes

Unlike private-sector resumes, government-style resumes are often several pages long and include detailed information about the jobs you’ve held, your responsibilities, and what you accomplished.

General recommendations

Sample Structure/Key Information for each position

This is the information that you should include for each position on your resume.

Detailed Description of Sections

Brief Description of the organization & Brief description of the product/project/team you worked on or supported (if applicable).

This section provides context for your work and accomplishments which helps us understand how it’s applicable to our work and the role you are applying for. Examples of the kind of information on team, project, product, etc to include:

Relevant Skills, Tools, Technologies Used

Here is where you will capture the skills, methodologies, techniques and tools that you used in that position. Focus on those things that were significant to your work and are relevant to the role that you are applying to. Below are some examples of things that you might include:

Example Resume Excerpt

Technology Transformation Service - Washington, DC

The Technology Transformation Service’s (TTS) mission is to lead the digital transformation of the federal government by helping agencies build, buy, and share technology that allows them to provide more accessible, efficient, and effective products and services to the American people.

Software Engineer - 07/2015 to Present - Hours per week: 40

Developer for USAJobs which is a job posting and application collection portal used by over 500 offices/agencies posting 320k jobs and over 10M applicant accounts

Technical Skills Used: Javascript, Docker, Node.js, Git, Postgres, test-driven development, scrum, Ruby on Rails, Postgres/PostGIS SQL,JSON,Redis, Heroku, Amazon Web Services (AWS), RESTful API, Rspec, CircleCi

Other sections to include, if applicable


The interview process typically takes about 2-3 weeks from the initial phone screen to a formal interview. The process usually begins with a 30-minute preliminary screening by phone or video call. Plan to briefly talk about your skills and experience and what you’re passionate about. We’ll share more about the role, our teams and the work we do during our conversation with you.

If we think you could be a good fit for the role you applied to, we’ll invite you to a series of formal video interviews with TTS team members. It’s during these longer conversations that we’ll discuss your past work experience in addition to the skills and knowledge that you can bring with you to TTS.

If TTS identifies you as a strong candidate after interviews are completed, a TTS recruiter will reach out to you with next steps.

Security and onboarding

The hiring process continues in partnership with the GSA Human Resources team, our parent federal agency’s human resources office. They’re responsible for extending tentative and official final offers. The process is as follows:

Security clearance documents

All government positions require some kind of background check. Most roles at TTS require a public trust position clearance, which is more thorough than most private-sector background checks but not as intensive as a higher government security clearance. The clearance process adds some time and forms to the hiring process, but the GSA Human Resources team will guide you through it.

It can be helpful to start pulling some documents together in advance. The forms you can expect to complete include: